Glossary

Game port Many PCs have a special port--a mechanical site with electrical wires for connection to other devices--for plugging in game hardware such as a joystick, flight stick or steering wheel. This port has 15 pins and is often part of the sound card.
Gibabyte 1,024 Megabytes (or 1,048,576 Kilobytes or 1,073,741,824 bytes)
Gigabyte 1,000 Megabytes (or 1,000,000 Kilobytes or 1,000,000,000 bytes)
Gigaflop A Gigaflop is a billion (the giga part) floating point operations (the flop part) per second. A floating point operation is a mathematical calculation, such as 2.277E5 * 4.3567E-7, which involves numbers in scientific form. Floating point operations are more complicated than integer operations (like 2 * 43, for example) and are a good measure of a powerful computer's processor performance.
GIGO Acronym for Garbage In Garbage Out.  Saying to describe that if you key invalid or rubbish data into a computer, then it can only output invalid data.
Glitch A bug or problem with a system that is usually caused by a voltage surge or electrical noise.
Gnome An easy-to-use windows-based environment for Linux users. ( http://www.gnome.org
Gopher Before the World Wide Web, "gopher" was the system for finding and displaying document files stored on the Internet. While most of these files have been converted to Web sites, occasionally you may still hit a gopher site; instead of seeing a home page, you see a list of folders and files on the site.
GPS Acronym for "Global Positioning System". If you get lost in the middle of nowhere, GPS can pinpoint your exact location within mere feet. GPS is powered by a bunch of satellites (twenty-four to be exact) in geosynchronous orbit that can help you find yourself, provided you have the corresponding ground receiver. How accurate this system is depends on the sophistication of your equipment.
Graffiti Graffiti is handwriting recognition software, used to transform into text the messages you scrawl onto your PalmPilot or other personal digital assistant (PDA).
Granular The more components or options a system has, the more "granular" it is. Suppose, for example, that you have two security systems. If one lets you password-protect every page of a Web site and the other lets you password-protect every page AND certain data entry areas of each page, then the latter security system is the more granular of the two. It follows that the more granular a system is, the more flexibility it offers its users.
Gravesite A gravesite is a Web site that's still accessible but that has apparently been abandoned by its creators and/or updaters. Marketing people also use the term "gravesite" to refer to Web sites that have stopped attracting enough traffic to interest people.
GUI Graphical User Interface. A icon-based presentation of a computer. For example, Windows is a GUI.

 


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This page was last updated on Sunday, 14 December 2008